You may know the fact that matching patients with their donors is far more difficult than matching blood types. Doctors are doing this matching process based on their human leukocyte antigen tissue type. Hispanic Bone marrow donors are a small, spongy and soft material and you can find it in large bones. HLA are generally proteins and you can find these on most of the cells in your body. The immune system of your body uses these to determine which cells are from your body and which are not. So, a close HLA is very much important and it is one of the most predominant matching factors between a donor and a patient. So, you need to keep it in your mind while you are searching for a good match for bone marrow donation.
So, as you can see, the best and perfect bone marrow transplant happens when the patient’s HLA and the donor’s HLA unit are closely matched.
What causes a great match?
The well-settled organization has a potential list of donors and patients. They also have their HLA types. So, if you are willing to donate your bone marrow then, you should enlist yourself in an esteemed organization and register yourself. You need to provide your sample of DNA.
The doctor of the patient generally chooses multiple donors who appear to match the patient at a very basic level. Apart from this, doctors will ask donors to do some more tests. From these detailed tests, the doctor will get to know that the donor’s HLA matches the patient’s HLA. These tests may include various kinds of blood tests and cheek swabs as well. If a donor asks to donate then, they are closely matched with the patients.
What are stem cells and bone marrow?
You should know some details about the process. Stem cells are such kinds of cells that can easily make copies of themselves and transform into many different kinds of cells that your body will need.
Cancer disease and cancer treatment can hamper your hematopoietic stem cells. This will turn into your blood cells. Bone marrow is a small and soft tissue and it contains hematopoietic stem cells. These stem cells are also found in the bone marrow donation process and it moves throughout your body.
But while hematopoietic stem cells are damaged then, it will not become white blood cells, platelets, and red blood cells. These blood cells are very much essential and all of these have different working cultures.
Above all, a blood cancer bone marrow transplant is a very complex and tricky medical procedure. Patients may need personalized care and treatment. You should always keep in touch with your healthcare team. The aftercare period is very delicate and as a patient, you need to maintain all advice given by your healthcare professional. Apart from this, recovery from bone marrow treatment may take a long period. During the initial recovery period, you will have to check the infection and its growth. You need to do regular and continuous blood tests to check your progress.
Gift of Life Marrow Registry